Science Europe Public Documents

The Importance of Content Mining for Science Workshop Report (September 2016)

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The workshop ‘The Importance of Content Mining for Science was organised by the Science Europe Working Group on Research Data on 27 October 2015. The event highlighted how important text and data mining (TDM) is for science and how it can facilitate better research and the free flow of knowledge across borders. Participants urged policy-makers to update the legal framework in the context of the upcoming EU copyright reform in order to allow TDM for commercial and non-commercial means, and also to clarify the legal position surrounding TDM…read more

Research Integrity Practices in Science Europe Member Organisations Survey Report (July 2016)

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This report presents the results of a survey of Science Europe Member Organisations undertaken by the Working Group on Research Integrity. The report maps existing policies, procedures, and practices for promoting research integrity and builds upon this to make a number of key recommendations for improving research integrity including processes and policies, awareness raising, training and collaboration. Research integrity is “at the core of the research endeavour. It is the basis for researchers’ trust in each other and in the research record and, equally importantly, society’s trust in research”…read more

Career Pathways in Multidisciplinary Research: How to Assess the Contributions of Individual Members of Large Teams (June 2016)

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The Workshop ‘Career Pathways in Multidisciplinary Research: How to Assess the Contributions of Single Authors in Large Teams’ was organised by Science Europe Scientific Committee for the Life, Environmental and Geo Sciences in Brussels on 1 and 2 of December 2015. The aim of this workshop was to reflect upon how to best support collaborative, multi-disciplinary and interdisciplinary research teams, how to allocate appropriate credit for research input, and how better evaluate multidisciplinary research…read more

In a Resource-constrained World: Think Exergy, not Energy (June 2016)

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When we think about energy, we consider it in terms of quantity. However, in a resource-constrained world, energy and in particular its efficiency, must also be appreciated from the point of view of quality, which is its ability to do work. In order to include the quality and not just the quantity of energy, we need to measure ‘exergy’. This brochure introduces the concept of exergy and provides examples of its application…read more

Funding Research Data Management and Related Infrastructures (May 2016)

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This joint Briefing Paper with Knowledge Exchange informs the discussion on the funding of Research Data Management and related infrastructures in Europe, helps raise awareness of the current challenges, and communicates opportunities for co-ordinated action to relevant stakeholders. The paper highlights that the funding of Research Data Infrastructures, enabling RDM, comes from a great variety of sources and institutions that have different responsibilities and that operate at local, national, and international levels…read more

Science Europe Scientific Committees sign the European statement in support of European Directive 2010/63 (May 2016)

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In November 2015 the European Animal Research Association (EARA) published a Statement on behalf of leading biomedical research organisations, learned societies, industry representatives, universities and patient groups in Europe in support of the Directive 2010/63/EU: protecting the use of animals for scientific purposes. As of May 2016, the Statement has been signed by 240 organisations including both the Science Europe Committee for Life, Environmental and Geo Sciences Scientific Committee and the Science Europe Committee for Medical Sciences …read more

Open Access Business Models and Current Trends in the Open Access Publishing System (April 2016)

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This paper presents some of the recent trends and developments in the transition to Open Access, as well as various business models currently in use which aim to facilitate this transition. It also highlights expected benefits and underlines remaining challenges. With this paper, Science Europe contributes to raising the general level of knowledge of audiences of policy makers and stakeholders about current developments in Open Access scholarly publishing at a time when decisive action is needed to transition towards an Open Access publishing system…read more

The Relationship between Food, Health and the Environment – a European Perspective (published February 2016)

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At the workshop on ‘The Relationship between Food, Health and the Environment’, organised in Milan on 12 and 13 May 2015, representatives from the Science Europe Member Organisations and external experts explored the multi-faceted and complex relationship between food, health and the environment. A major aim of this workshop was to identify relevant links between them and to recommend common strategies for Europe to address the future challenges of food and food-related health research, from the perspective of the life sciences…read more

Strategic Priorities, Funding and Pan-European Co-operation for Research Infrastructures in Europe (January 2016)

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The demand for Research Infrastructures is high throughout all fields of science. However, the available funds for capital investment and running costs are generally limited and do not nearly meet the demand. Effective allocation of available funds and effective operation of facilities is therefore important in order to serve the scientific community in the best possible way…read more

Radical Innovation: Humanities Research Crossing Knowledge Boundaries and Fostering Deep Change (December 2015)

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This Opinion Paper shows how arts and humanities research is at the heart of innovation processes. In this paper the Science Europe Scientific Committee for the Humanities advocates the need for a wider and deeper understanding of the concept of innovation, in order to better prepare Europe to tackle global challenges. The Committee points out ways to achieve stronger European leadership through the promotion of radical innovation by highlighting the contribution of arts and humanities research…read more

Improving Science Quality through the Replacement, Reduction and Refinement of Animals in Biomedical Research and Development (December 2015)

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The aim of the workshop was to explore some of the key issues relating to research involving animals in the context of the 3Rs (Replacement, Reduction and Refinement), with the overall goal of improving the quality of science in biomedical research and development, and to progress the 3Rs. Topics included barriers and misconceptions that impede implementation of the 3Rs, tools to support the better design of experiments, and examples of how new technological and scientific approaches may contribute to the 3Rs…read more

Research Integrity: What it Means, Why it Is Important and How we Might Protect it (December 2015)

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This briefing paper looks at developments in efforts to address issues of research integrity. It is not intended to be an exhaustive examination of the growing literature on research integrity. Rather, the paper tries to present exemplars of the evidence and thinking that is emerging in this field. It explores the available data on the frequency of misconduct; why it is thought that researchers would commit misconduct in the first place; how national and international organisations have approached the promotion of research integrity, and the manner in which allegations of misconduct are handled…read more

Lead Agency Procedure Strategies Workshop (published October 2015)

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This workshop  on the Lead Agency Procedure (LAP) was organised by the Science Europe Working Group on Cross-border Collaboration in Berlin on 16 December 2014. The objective of the workshop was to analyse the underlying preconditions and efficiency of LAP, based on the evidence available from the many LAP partnerships among Science Europe’s members. It contains policy recommendations to the Member Organisations so that they gain a more accurate understanding of the Lead Agency principles and are made more able to judge on its scope and limitations, whether they want to improve their practices or are contemplating putting in place such agreements…read more

A Common Scale for Our Common Future: Exergy, a Thermodynamic Metric for Energy (October 2015)

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Exergy is the resource of value, the energy available for work; a measure of both the quality and quantity of available energy. Exergy analysis not only tells the truth about energy efficiency, but, in an extended perspective, potentially leads to resource accounting on a global scale: a common scale for our common future. In this Opinion Paper, the Science Europe Physical, Chemical and Mathematical Sciences Committee builds on a recent peer-reviewed publication, ‘A Thermodynamic Metric for Assessing Sustainable Use of Natural Resources’, to reach out to policy makers…read more

Ethical Protocols and Standards for Research in Social Sciences Today (published in September 2015)

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The report of a stakeholders’ workshop organised on 11 June by the Scientific Committee for the Social Sciences, addresses the need to discuss ethics in research beyond the traditional biomedical approach, and focuses on the need for better standards across social sciences disciplines in engaging with ethical issues in research. Several recommendations are given for fundamental ethics guidelines in line with the Declaration of Helsinki, but specifically tailored to social sciences research…read more

Science Europe Position Statement on the Role and Future of Joint Programming (August 2015)

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This Position Statement highlights the added value of Joint Programming Initiatives (JPIs) as perceived by the Science Europe Member Organisations, and makes two recommendations on the future of joint programming: one with regards to the evaluation of JPIs, and a second one concerning their governance. The aim of this Statement is to stimulate other stakeholders – including the EU Member States and the EC – to join in this discussion…read more

Workshop Report on Computational Modelling of Complex Spatial Structures and Processes in Natural and Life Sciences (July 2015)

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This workshop aimed to discuss current approaches and areas of recent progress in computational modelling of complex spatial structures and processes in natural and life sciences (particularly in terms of methodology) across different scientific fields and across different scales, and to identify emerging trends and areas of potential co-operation and synergy.read more

The Need for ‘Diamond Engagement’ around Open Access to High Quality Research Output (July 2015)

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A new Opinion Paper has been published today by Science Europe’s Scientific Committee for the Social Sciences. The publication, entitled ‘The Need for ‘Diamond Engagement’ around Open Access to High Quality Research Output’, addresses two audiences: scientists, especially those who have been traditionally more resistant to the OA approach, and policy makers. In it, the Scientific Committee for Social Sciences proposes a ‘Diamond Engagement’ concept with the three key principles: Partnership; Standardisation and Interoperability; and Enabling Structures.read more

Seven Reasons to Care about Integrity in Research (June 2015)

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This brochure has been prepared by Science Europe’s Working Group on Research Integrity. Research integrity is intrinsic to research activity and excellence. It is at the core of research itself. It is a basis for researchers to trust each other as well as the research record, and, equally importantly, it is the basis of society’s trust in research evidence and expertise… read more

Science Europe Principles on Open Access to Research Publications (May 2015)

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This booklet has been prepared by Science Europe’s Working Group on Open Access. Open Access, as defined in the Berlin Declaration, means unrestricted, online access to peerreviewed, scholarly research papers for reading and productive re-use, not impeded by any financial, organisational, legal or technical barriers. Ideally, the only restriction on use is an obligation to attribute the work to the author..read more

Briefing Report on Text and Data Mining and the Need for a Science-friendly EU Copyright Reform (April 2015)

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This Briefing Paper has been prepared by Science Europe’s Working Group on Research Data. Text and Data Mining (TDM) aims to analyse and extract new insights and knowledge from vast amount of digitally-available content. It represents a great potential for research itself (e.g. accelerating research processes) but also for the economy and society as a whole since it enables innovation. The Briefing Paper gives an overview of some of the legal hurdles faced by researchers using TDM practices, flags possible action lines for research organisations and calls for a more science-friendly EU Copyright law…read more

Medical Sciences Committee Workshop Report: How to Transform Big Data into Better Health (March 2015)

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A newly-released report by Science Europe’s Scientific Committee for Medical Sciences makes a number of recommendations on the topic of ‘How to Transform Big Data into Better Health: Envisioning a Health Big Data Ecosystem for Advancing Biomedical Research and Improving Health Outcomes in Europe’. The report – which consolidates the outcomes of a two day workshop co-hosted with the Italian National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN) on 24 and 25 November 2015 at the Ettore Majorana Foundation and Centre for Scientific Culture in Erice, Italy – identifies and acknowledges the challenges in achieving the stated objective and makes a number of key recommendations….read more

Empowering Researchers to Provide Societal Value: Towards Innovation Communities that Leverage Excellence-focused Research (February 2015)

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In this paper, produced by the Scientific Committee for Engineering Sciences, the Committee highlights the benefits of collaboration between researchers and business persons, policy makers or activists towards a shared societal goal… read more

Workshop Report on Convergence of Disciplines (published February 2015)

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This workshop was convened by the Science Europe Scientific Committee for Physical, Chemical, and Mathematical Sciences to explore issues surrounding the concept of ‘convergence’ and its potential relevance to, and implications for, research funding organisations and research performing organisations in Europe… read more

The Importance of International Collaboration for Fostering Frontier Research (December 2014)

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In this paper, produced by the Scientific Committee for the Life, Environmental and Geo Sciences, the Committee argues that in order to strengthen international collaborative research, the national research funding organisations should consider increasing their efforts to widen the participation of various European countries and global partners in multilateral schemes, whilst fostering interdisciplinarity and knowledge integration. Moreover, a bottom-up approach should be adopted in order to collect research proposals that contain novel ideas and solutions, captured directly from the research community and users, thus enabling open innovation.read more

Science Europe Position Statement: on the Priority One of the 2012 ERA Communication: ‘More Effective National Research Systems’ (November 2014)

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The 2012 Communication ‘A Reinforced European Research Area Partnership for Excellence and Growth’ laid out the current approach for realising a European Research Area (ERA). As this approach is now being reviewed by the European institutions, Science Europe puts forward its analysis of Priority One of the Communication, in order to start a fruitful dialogue with the European institutions on the future of ERA policy. This analysis provides a practical example as to why the current ERA Communication approach needs to be thoroughly reviewed if ERA policy is to have a real impact…read more

The Human Factor in the 2014-2015 Work Programme of the Horizon 2020 Societal Challenges (September 2014)

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Since its inauguration in early 2013, the Science Europe Scientific Committee for the Humanities has strongly supported Horizon 2020’s third pillar, Societal Challenges. The Committee realises the importance of the issues addressed, and the urgent need to find solutions to these pressing questions. The Committee is therefore committed to making the Challenges-approach successful…read more

Career Paths in Multidisciplinary Research (June 2014)

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In this paper, produced by the Scientific Committee for the Life, Environmental and Geo Sciences, the Committee highlights the lack of clear evaluation metrics for scientists working in multidisciplinary teams. The Committee devises also concrete recommendations to contribute to the elaboration of an appropriate evaluation framework and suggests four main categories of indicators that demonstrate success in multidisciplinary and collaborative research: data generation, analysis and knowledge management; the development of enabling tools for data handling; the added value of collaborative research, and acknowledging contributions in bibliometic analysis..read more

Integrated Research Tools and Strategies for Sustainable Management of Health, Food, Security, Natural Resources, Ecosystems, Biodiversity and Climate Change (May 2014)

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This brochure produced by the Scientific Committee for Life, Environmental and Geo Sciences highlights key research priorities and innovation strategies in science and technology, aiming at improving the world’s resilience to future impacts of global environmental change. It outlines the Committee’s opinions on different areas such as health, food, security and biodiversity and underlines the importance of conserving the planet’s natural resources while adapting to various effects of climate change….read more

Science Europe Practical Guide to Three Approaches to Cross-border Collaboration (January 2014)

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This ‘Practical Guide’, has been developed for the use of Science Europe Member Organisations and other research organisations inside or outside of Europe. The aim is to provide better and more efficient means for organisations to apply a set of optional models for cross-border collaboration, and to help them achieve more successful and easier implementation of these different models, where they are in tune with their interests and strategies…read more

Science Europe Roadmap (December 2013)

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This Roadmap, approved by the Science Europe General Assembly on 21 November 2013, constitutes Science Europe’s action plan to contribute to the elements of a successful research system, as set out above. It acts as a framework for voluntary collective activity, providing a long-term strategy, which will be reviewed regularly and updated as the research landscape, and Science Europe itself, evolves. The Priority Action Areas identified in the Roadmap are those in which Science Europe members believe that there is a potential to achieve tangible and substantive progress, and to add real value by working together…read more

Humanities and Social Sciences in Horizon 2020 Societal Challenges: Implementation and Monitoring (November 2013)

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This Opinion Paper has been produced by Science Europe Scientific Committees for the Humanities and the Social Sciences to outline the main prerequisites for the successful integration of Social Sciences and Humanities throughout Horizon 2020’s Societal Challenges and across the entire research ’ecology’. Overall, these elements should ensure a coherent interplay between the high-level objectives of Horizon 2020, the programme design, its implementation and evaluation…read more

Open Access Opportunities for the Humanities (November 2013)

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This Opinion Paper produced by the Science Europe Scientific Committee for the Humanities embraces Open Access as the way forward for Humanities disciplines. It has been published on the occasion of the tenth anniversary of the Berlin Declaration and the accompanying celebratory event, organised by the Max Planck Society on 19-20 November 2013. It encourages the Humanities research community to engage with the new possibilities that Open Access can offer, and at the same time calls on research funding and performing organisations to work together to tackle the specificities and remaining potential obstacles…read more

Humanities in the Societal Challenges – 12 Compelling Cases for Policymakers (September 2013)

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This is the first brochure produced by the Science Europe Scientific Committee for the Humanities, with the objective to increase awareness of how the humanities are actually contributing to the Societal Challenges. The Humanities have important resources to offer and it is essential that in the formulation of the Horizon 2020 programme texts there is scope to include these valuable lines of research. The projects highlighted in the brochure not only have made a concrete, societal impact but also break through the usual stereotypes of the humanities and therefore widened the view on our field…read more

Comparative Benchmarking of European and US Research Collaboration and Researcher Mobility – A report prepared in collaboration between Science Europe and Elsevier’s SciVal Analytics (September 2013)

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This report focuses on the extent to which research collaboration and researcher mobility patterns differ between Europe and the US, based on analysis of the Scopus publication database. This comparison is made by exploring both the extent to which academics collaborate on research papers and the amount of researcher mobility within Europe or within the US and beyond, based on author affiliations. In particular, we are interested in whether there is as much collaboration between countries in Europe as there is between states in the US…read more

Science Europe Position Statement: On the Proposed European General Data Protection Regulation (May 2013)

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The European Institutions are currently entering the crucial stage of the legislative process that will revise the EU Data Protection Directive and lead to the European General Data Protection Regulation (DPR). Scientific research produces high impact results, depending heavily on access to and use of datasets that include personal data. In order to continue to perform scientific research for the benefi t of Europe and its citizens, researchers need an appropriate DPR that reconciles the safe processing of personal data for scientific research and the protection of individual rights to privacy…read more

Medical Sciences Committee Opinion Paper: The Benefits of Personal Data Processing for Medical Sciences in the Context of Protection of Patient Privacy and Safety (May 2013)

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A commentary and recommendations on the General Data Protection Regulation from the Scientific Committee for Medical Sciences of Science Europe. It expresses the concerns of the medical and health research communities about the lack of a specific consideration when regulating the privacy of individuals and protecting personal data in the context of medical and health research…..read more

Science Europe Position Statement on Horizon 2020: Embedding Social Sciences and Humanities in Horizon 2020 Societal Challenges (January 2013)

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European social sciences and humanities research is world leading in many areas. SSH research perspectives are key to tackling grand societal challenges in the future and its role throughout H2020 needs to be substantial. Simply stating such an ambition will not, however, result in its achievement. Here we provide some practical recommendations for how SSH can be embedded into the societal challenges in a meaningful and constructive way. We look forward to discussing these ideas further with the Commission and other relevant bodies, including Member States….read more

Science Europe Position Statement on Horizon 2020: Excellence Counts (December 2012)

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Producing excellent science and research has historically been Europe’s key asset for sustainable growth and maintenance of a leading position in a highly competitive global economy. Horizon 2020, the European Framework for Research and Innovation from 2014 – 2020, complements national and cross-border efforts and should strengthen the impact of investments into science, research and innovation.read more

Science Europe Position Statement on the Budget for Horizon 2020 (November 2012)

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As European leaders meet to decide on the budget of the EU for the next seven years, the 50 major Research Performing and Research Funding Organisations that constitute Science Europe would like to stress the importance of adequate funding for research and innovation at the European level. The Europe 2020 strategy is the primary EU-level plan to strengthen growth and competitiveness, by producing clear European added value through investment in education, research and innovation…read more

Science Europe Statement on the European Research Area (17 July 2012)

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Science Europe is fully committed to the realisation of the European Research Area (ERA). Indeed, a key part of our mission is to strengthen the ERA through direct engagement with key partners as well as by facilitating co-operation and co-ordination amongst Members. We aim to work with other European organisations to create a coherent and inclusive ERA, where all stakeholders can and do play an appropriate role….read more

Joint Statement on Working in Partnership in Achieving the European Research Area (17 July 2012)

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This statement has been made on the occasion of the presentation of the ERA Communication ‘A Reinforced European Research Area Partnership for Excellence and Growth’.The  partners consider that the direct  involvement of research stakeholder organisations will strengthen the European Research Area and will contribute to building a unified research area,…read more

Science Europe Contribution to the ERA Framework Consultation (30 November 2011)

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Europe’s greatest competitive advantage in pursuing research will stem from the capacity of the EU’s Member States and Associated Countries to collaborate effectively when it is in their collective interest to do so, but also to pursue their own national strategies and policies where appropriate.  The diversity of national research organisations…read more

EU Data Protection Regulation: Vital economic and social research could be prevented – Open Letter (August 2014)

Europe needs a consistent Data Protection framework that protects individual privacy and the European Commission’s proposed Regulation provided this.However, the suggested amendments adopted earlier this year by the European Parliament would undermine important research using personal data. If the amendments are passed, there would be dire consequences for European research and the value it can bring to government, the economy and society at large…read more

Previous Documents

EUROHORCs Vision for ERA (30 August 2011)

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Science progresses through a creative tension between competition and co-operation. In developing the European Research Area, EUROHORCs believes the same principle applies to research policy, funding and support. That is, Europe’s greatest competitive advantage in pursuing research will stem from the capacity of the EU’s Member States…read more

EUROHORCs and ESF Vision on a Globally Competitive ERA and their Road Map for Actions (2009)

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The Heads of European Research Councils (EUROHORCs) and the European Science Foundation (ESF) wish to play an active and concrete role in shaping a European Research Area of Excellence. Following the publication of the EUROHORCs and ESF’s comments on the European Commission’s Green Paper ‘The European Research Area: New Perspectives’,…read more

News

(26/09/2016) The EU copyright reform recognises roles of research but fails to realise its full potential ... read more

(13/09/2016) New statement on the Horizon 2020 budget: ‘Funding Research in Horizon 2020: Europe’s Most Valuable Strategic Resource’ ... read more

(12/09/2016) What is the importance of content mining for science? New workshop report now out … read more

(05/07/2016) Report now available from the survey ‘Research Integrity Practices in Science Europe Member Organisations’ ... read more

Documents

Interested in TDM? Discover the latest Science Europe workshop report on 'The Importance of Content Mining for Science' … read more