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Open Access

Science Europe supports Open Access, the principle and practice of providing free online access to scholarly publications. The association has established its very own set of common principles that will facilitate a smooth transition from subscription to Open Access. Science Europe has also been instrumental in developing and promoting Plan S.

Why does Open Access matter?

Open Access is the practice of granting access to scholarly outputs (such as publications) to anyone without any costs or other barriers and restrictions, including to most forms of use and re-use by humans and machines.

Science Europe strongly believes that Open Access to research publications, as defined in the Berlin Declaration, improves the pace, efficiency, and efficacy of research, and heightens the authors’ visibility, and thus the potential impact of their work. By removing structural and geographical barriers that hinder the free circulation of knowledge, it contributes to increased collaboration, ultimately strengthening scientific quality and capacity.

Moving to a system of Open Access that enables re-use and computational analysis of published material, will open up new possibilities for researchers to access information, and improve knowledge transfer for society, policy, and the economy.

This is also crucial in order to increase both the impact of publications and the cost efficiency of the publication system. This will spark innovation and facilitate interdisciplinary research, as well as scholarly exchange on a global scale, for the benefit of not only the research community, but also the economy and society as a whole.

What are the current priorities?

Science Europe and its Member Organisations are committed to playing a role in accomplishing a smooth and rapid transition to Open Access. The transition must take place in an efficient and sustainable way, avoiding unnecessary costs. It also requires strong engagement of the research community, in order to adapt the system to a culture of sharing. Defining new models to replace the current subscription system, elaborating guidelines adapted to the different forms of research publications, revising research evaluation mechanisms, raising awareness as well as addressing possible impacts to other aspects of the research process are among the priorities of Science Europe and its Member Organisations.

What is Science Europe doing to achieve these aims?

In 2013, Science Europe's Member Organisations unanimously endorsed and committed to a set of common principles on the transition to Open Access to research publications. Today, as a result, an overwhelming majority of its members have implemented Open Access policies or are actively developing them. Today, many of Science Europe Member Organisations share the most advanced Open Access policies in the world. 

Science Europe is constantly working with its Member Organisations, and members of the research community, to elaborate the best possible solutions to practical aspects of the transition and implementation of full Open Access policies, adapted to the different contexts.

The research performing members of Science Europe are among the leading organisations promoting Open Access with very concrete actions, such as the OA2020 initiative launched by the Max Planck Society, and the Leibniz Association’s Science 2.0 Research Alliance.

What is Plan S?

In September 2018, 11 Science Europe Member Organisations, supported by the European Commission and the European Research Council created cOAlition S and launched Plan S, an initiative to accelerate the transition to full Open Access.

Plan S requires that recipients of research funding from cOAlition S organisations make the resulting publications available immediately (without embargoes) and under open licences, either in quality Open Access platforms or journals or through immediate deposit in open repositories that fulfil the necessary conditions.

Science Europe continues to support its Member Organisations in implementing Plan S and has actively contributed to grow cOAlition S into a global movement that is supported by a large number of stakeholders and research communities.

More information and guidelines for Plan S implementation can be found here.

Country Organisation Acronym Name
Austria Austrian Science Fund FWF Katharina Rieck
Belgium Fund for Scientific Research FRS-FNRS Jean-Claude Kita
Belgium Research Foundation Flanders FWO Guy Thoonen
Croatia Croatian Science Foundation HRZZ Lovorka Barać Lauc
Czech Republic Czech Science Foundation GAČR Petr Chorošenin
Estonia Estonian Research Council ETAg Marika Meltsas
Finland Academy of Finland AKA Jussi Varkemaa
France French National Research Agency ANR Zoé Ancion
Germany German Research Foundation DFG Astrid Sänger
Germany Max Planck Society MPG Georg Botz
Germany Leibniz Association Leibniz Olaf Siegert
Ireland Science Foundation Ireland SFI Marion Boland
Ireland Health Research Board HRB Patricia Clarke
Italy National Institute for Nuclear Physics INFN Laura Patrizii
Latvia Latvian Science Council LZP Ingmars Kreismanis
Lithuania Research Council of Lithuania LMT to be appointed
Netherlands Dutch Research Council NWO Hans de Jonge
Norway Research Council of Norway RCN Jon Øygarden Flæten
Poland National Science Centre Poland NCN Laura Bandura-Morgan
Portugal Foundation for Science and Technology FCT Joana Novais
Romania Executive Agency for Higher Education, Research, Development and Innovation Funding UEFISCDI Alina Irimia
Spain Spanish National Research Council CSIC Agnès Ponsati Obiols
Sweden Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare FORTE Tommy Dahlen
Sweden Swedish Research Council VR Lisbeth Söderqvist
Switzerland Swiss National Science Foundation SNSF Tobias Philipp
United Kingdom UK Research and Innovation UKRI Paul Richards

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