Science Europe Public Documents

Report of Symposium on Interdisciplinarity (June 2019)

Interdisciplinarity is increasingly used to tackle complex scientific questions and address large societal challenges. At the same time, the evaluation of interdisciplinary research proposals poses a set of problems, ranging from missing common standards and criteria to shortages of peer reviewers with experience in evaluating interdisciplinary research. At its third Symposium, hosted in Brussels on 21 November 2018, Science Europe and its Scientific Advisory Committee brought together researchers and other experts experienced in interdisciplinarity with high-level representatives from Science Europe’s Member Organisations, who fund and perform such research. read more

Joint Statement on Research Assessment (May 2019)

This joint statement on research assessment, released by the European University Association (EUA) and Science Europe, demonstrates a commitment to building a strong dialogue between members of both associations who share the responsibility of developing and implementing more accurate, open, transparent and responsible approaches, that better reflects the evolution of research activity in the digital era…read more

Reaction to the Political Partial Agreement on Horizon Europe: A Good Deal but is there a Supporting Budget? (April 2019)

Science Europe welcomes the Political Partial Agreement on Horizon Europe, the next Framework Programme for research and innovation (R&I). It is very pleased to see that excellence remains the core principle of the programme and welcomes the increase of the budget earmarked to support low R&I-performing countries. However, Horizon Europe’s ambitions can only be met with the appropriate funding. Science Europe therefore advises the European Council and the Finance Ministers to grant Horizon Europe a budget of at least €120bn. Science Europe also urges the EU Institutions to foster collaboration with strong research performing countries that are non-EU members…read more

Joint Statement on Academic Freedom and Institutional Autonomy (April 2019)

This joint statement, released by All European Academies (ALLEA), the European University Association (EUA), and Science Europe, highlights an urgent need to back commitments to academic freedom and institutional autonomy with solid actions. Representing a vast section of Europe’s research and higher education systems, the three partners call on governments and public authorities to engage in a trust-based dialogue with research institutions, and not to interfere in their internal affairs. They also urge them to guarantee scholars and students the rights that constitute academic freedom, such as freedom of expression, assembly, opinion, and thought…read more

Reaction to the Legislators’ Latest Decisions on Horizon Europe (December 2018)

On 12 December the European Parliament (EP) approved the compromise amendments for Horizon Europe as decided by its Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE) committee. Two weeks before, on 30 November, the research Ministers also agreed on a Partial General Approach on the Horizon Europe Regulation. In view of the upcoming trilogues between the three European institutions, Science Europe invites all parties to consider a series of elements to further improve this legislative package. The budget of €120bn (in 2018 prices) proposed by the EP for Horizon Europe is a very welcome proposal and should be taken up by the Council in the next Multiannual Financial Framework. Moreover, fundamental research must be included in all parts of the programme including the European Innovation Council…read more

Practical Guide to the International Alignment of Research Data Management (November 2018)

This Science Europe Practical Guide aims to align research data management (RDM) requirements across research funding and research performing organisations in Europe. It has been developed by experts of Science Europe Member Organisations and in consultation with the broader research stakeholder community. The guide presents core requirements for Data Management Plans (DMPs) and criteria for the selection of trustworthy repositories, as well as some guidance on how to put these requirements and criteria into practice. The alignment of RDM requirements will aid researchers in complying with RDM requirements even when working with different research funders and research organisations…read more

Joint Statement on the Revision of the PSI Directive (November 2018)

This joint statement, released by Research and Innovation stakeholders, calls on the EU institutions to seek a balanced approach to data sharing. It is a response to the European Commission’s proposal for a revision of the Directive on re-use of public sector information (PSI Directive) and the respective ongoing discussions in the European Parliament and Council. The Commission proposes to widen the scope of the Directive by including research data. While the European R&I community is supportive of the European agenda to promote Open Science and innovation, and shares a common commitment to the principle of making research data ‘as open as possible and as closed as necessary’, there is a need to focus on the optimal re-use of research data and not on the (unconditional) opening of such data…read more

Factsheet on the Need to Increase Funding for Research and Innovation (September 2018)

The overall funding for research and innovation in Europe needs to be increased, and an adequate ring-fenced budget should be provided for Horizon Europe, the next EU Framework Programme (2021- 2027). In this factsheet Science Europe illustrates some of the reasons why…read more

Factsheet on the Need to Support Fundamental Research (September 2018)

The European Commission proposal for Horizon Europe, the next EU Framework Programme (2021- 2027), falls short of acknowledging the importance of fundamental research. Science Europe has put together some key facts on fundamental research to demonstrate the essential role it plays not only for research, but also for innovation…read more

Science Without Publication Paywalls: cOAlition S for the Realisation of Full and Immediate Open Access (September 2018)

cOAlition S is a collective declaration of commitment by research funders to make full and immediate Open Access to scholarly publications a reality by 1 January 2020. It mandates that result from research funded by public grants provided by participating funding bodies, must be published in compliant Open Access journals or on compliant Open Access platforms. It is built around Plan S, which consists of one target and 10 principles. On the occasion of the launch of cOAlition S, this article has been simultaneously published by the Frontiers Blog, Frontiers in Neuroscience, PLOS Biology, PLOS Medicine and Science more

Briefing Paper on Citizen Science (June 2018)

Citizen science, also referred to as community science or public participation in scientific research, is a growing movement that enlists the public in scientific discovery, monitoring, and experimentation across a wide range of disciplines. This briefing paper looks in detail at the evolution of citizen science and citizen science policy, provides examples of initiatives from around the world, and considers the future of the activity…read more

Challenging the Current Business Models in Academic Publishing: Accelerators and Obstacles to the Open Access Transition (June 2018)

Bundles of journal subscriptions offered by publishers and acquired by libraries, the so-called ‘Big Deals’, are one of the dominant business models in academic publishing. The are a are a highly-disputed business model that needs to be further analysed before ‘Big Deals’ can be used as an instrument to implement and increase Open Access, or dropped as an approach altogether. This workshop, and its subsequent report, was as organised to trigger further expert discussions on the current business models and their alternatives, as a follow-up to the April 2016 Science Europe Briefing Paper on ‘Open Access Business Models and Current Trends in the Open Access Publishing System’…read more

Reaction to the European Commission Proposal on Horizon Europe (June 2018)

In June 2018, the European Commission issued its proposal for Horizon Europe, the next Framework Programme for Research and Innovation. Science Europe issued this reaction to the proposal to support policy discussions during the upcoming legislative process. Science Europe welcomes the overall continuity between the internal structure and funding rates between Horizon 2020 and Horizon Europe. However, the proposed budget increase for the period 2021-2027 does not live up to the ambitious scenarios defended by the European Commission in front of the Heads of States and Governments in March 2018 and will not be sufficient for Europe to meet its ambitious political goals…read more

Response to the European Commission Call for Feedback on Missions (April 2018)

In March 2018, the European Commission launched a call for feedback on the concept of using a mission-oriented approach in the next Framework Programme for Research and Innovation. Science Europe sees interesting opportunities in the use of missions and cross-disciplinary Research and Innovation (R&I) as part of Europe’s toolset to address societal or global challenges. Science Europe, however, believes that the criteria for selecting missions so far have been too broad and that more discussion is needed on the concept of missions and their introduction in FP9. It will dedicate its May 2018 High Level Workshop to the topic…read more

Long-term Sustainability of Research Infrastructures: Science Europe’s Offer to Contribute to Ongoing Efforts (March 2018)

Science Europe welcomes all efforts made to ensure the long-term sustainability of research infrastructures. Released prior to the high-level conference on research infrastructures by the Bulgarian Presidency of the Council, this Open Letter responds to the European Commission’s Staff Working Document on their sustainability. It makes a number of recommendations, based on the key role of Science Europe’s members as funders, operators, and managers of infrastructures…read more

The Funding that Europe Needs: Recommendations on the Multiannual Financial Framework (March 2018)

The Multiannual Financial Frameworks (MFF) determine the budget allocation of the EU over a period of seven years. Science Europe recommends strengthening science, research, and innovation by increasing their budget in the MFF for 2021–2027 and to take measures to ensure that the 9th Framework Programme for Research and Innovation will have the capacity to achieve its goals. This document is Science Europe’s official response to the European Commission’s consultation on the MFF…read more

The Rationales of Open Science: Digitalisation and Democratisation in Research (February 2018)

The German Research Foundation (DFG) hosted the 2017 edition of the annual Science Europe High-level Workshop. In Berlin, participants discussed several aspects of Open Science. How can citizens best be involved in the scientific process, and how ‘Open’ can we make science? And how do we ensure that the highest standards in scientific research are maintained in such a system? This report provides a brief overview of the main discussions at the event… read more

Guidance Document Presenting a Framework for Discipline-specific Research Data Management (January 2018)

Research organisations and funders increasingly ask researchers to create Data Management Plans for their work and proposals. A lack of standardisation means that these can be time-consuming to create and difficult to compare and evaluate. Science Europe presents a framework for the creation of domain-specific protocols that can be used as standardised templates, reducing the administrative burden on both researchers, research organisations, and funders… read more

Response to the Report ‘LAB–FAB–APP: Investing in the European Future we want’ (December 2017)

This is the formal response by Science Europe to the report ‘LAB–FAB–APP: Investing in the European Future we want’ by the High Level Group on maximising the impact of EU Research and Innovation Programmes, chaired by Pascal Lamy. This response outlines points of agreement, as well as additional or alternative recommendations from Science Europe Members on how the future of European research should take shape… read more

Open Letter on European Open Science Cloud (November 2017)

Science Europe welcomes the efforts towards the European Open Science Cloud. In this open letter, the Governing Board of Science Europe reinforces the Science Europe view that research data should be permanently, publicly, and freely available for re-use. The proposed European Open Science Cloud aims to further this goal, but a number of important questions still remain… read more

Policy Brief on Public-to-Public Partnerships (November 2017)

A more strategic approach is needed to the co-ordination between regional, national, and European research activities and to the initiatives supporting them. That is the main message of the Policy Brief ‘On Public-to-Public Partnerships and the Next Framework Programme for Research and Innovation’. It presents policy makers with the Science Europe view on how to better organise regional, national, and European research efforts… read more

Securing Europe’s Leadership in the Data Economy by Revising the TDM Exception (September 2017)

This open letter, signed by the European Research and Innovation community, calls on Members of the European Parliament and the Council to secure Europe’s leadership in the data economy by revising the Text and Data Mining (TDM) exception in the draft of the Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market. The letter calls for the TDM exception to apply to any person that has legal access to the content (the principle of ‘the right to read should be the right to mine’), in turn this will help the European data economy grow, fostering innovation and research, and encouraging entrepreneurship and support for SMEs…  read more

Building a Scientific Narrative on Impact and Societal Value of Science (September 2017)

The Symposium ‘Building a Scientific Narrative on Impact and Societal Value of Science’ was the first public initiative of the Science Europe Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC). At the event, hosted in Brussels on 17 November 2016, the topic of research impact was approached from different angles, in order to widen the understanding of the societal value generated by science. The report emphasises that fundamental science and curiosity-driven research are key drivers of change for their intrinsic value and long-term unexpected impact; however, many other aspects are also important, such as challenge oriented research and co-creation of knowledge. Four case studies illustrating the unexpected impact of research on subjects ranging from privacy to nano-encapsulation, that were presented at the Symposium, are also included in this report…read more

EU Copyright Reform Threatens Open Access and Open Science (September 2017)

This open letter, signed by 15 key international organisation, calls on Members of the European Parliament to halt the adoption of harmful provisions found in the current draft of the Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market, which could threaten Open Access and Open Science. The coalition has written an open letter directed at the EU’s Legal Affairs Committee (JURI), which was delivered 6 September. In the letter, the coalition urges for the removal of proposals that would restrict access to research and place administrative and legal burdens on institutional repositories. Improvements on proposals related to text and data mining, copyright in an education setting, and preservation and access to works for non-commercial endeavors are also requested…read more

Cross-border Collaboration and Portfolio Management of Research Infrastructures (September 2017)

The workshop ‘Cross-border Collaboration and Portfolio Management of Research Infrastructures’ was organised by the Science Europe Working Group on Research Infrastructures on 30 and 31 January 2017 in Dublin, Ireland, co-hosted by Science Foundation Ireland and the Health Research Board. It explored the challenges facing research funding and performing organisations to design and manage balanced Research Infrastructure portfolios and design effective cross-border collaborations when setting up and running joint Research Infrastructures…read more

Position Statement on a New Vision for More Meaningful Research Impact Assessment (July 2017)

Science Europe advocates using the notion of ‘value’ of research. This is wider than ‘impact’ and reflects the intrinsic value of scientific research and its capacity to generate new knowledge. There are countless ways in which research brings its immense value to society. Some of this value is indirect or intangible and cannot easily be measured by strictly defined impact assessment criteria. Other parts of it are long-term or unpredictable and may not yet be visible at the time that the research is evaluated. This statement provides a series of key principles and actions for policy makers and research organisations to help bring forward a new vision of impact assessment…read more

Key Principles to Shape the Future Framework Programme (July 2017)

With this document, Science Europe reiterates eight key principles to shape the future Framework Programme (FP). The current FP is a unique programme worldwide, widely appreciated and with an ambitious agenda. Examples of its clear European added value include the ERC’s role in fostering Europe-wide competition, the support of Research Infrastructures as a fundamental part of the European research system, the Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions funding, fostering mobility for the benefits of researchers’ careers in a smooth way, and the support of collaborative research to solve societal challenges that cannot be addressed purely with national efforts…read more

Advancing Research Integrity Practices and Policies: From Recommendation to Implementation (May 2017)

The workshop ‘Advancing Research Integrity Practices and Policies: From Recommendation to Implementation’ was organised by the Science Europe Working Group on Research Integrity on 22 February 2017. The aim of the workshop was to advance implementation of the recommendations published by the Working Group in its recent Survey Report ‘Research Integrity Practices in Science Europe Member Organisations’. Many of the recommendations were deemed to be quite straightforward to implement, but some were considered more challenging. The workshop explored the challenges in taking forward the recommendations through the discussion of case studies presented by organisations that have already tackled some of the more difficult issues…read more

Science Europe Recommendation for the Disclosure of Publication Fees (April 2017)

Science Europe is committed to playing a role in accomplishing the transition to Open Access in an efficient and sustainable way. This document is a recommendation for scientific institutions to disclose payments of Open Access publication fees by participating in the ‘Open APC Initiative.’ It highlights how this will help create a more transparent cost structure in the Open Access publication market and stimulate competition…read more

New Momentum for the European Research Area (March 2017)

This joint statement, released by CESAER, EUA, LERU, and Science Europe — who represent major science organisations in Europe —calls on European policy makers to provide new momentum for the European Research Area (ERA). The ERA is a treaty obligation of the European Union and today, more than ever, greater commitment to research is needed to tackle the challenges that Europe faces. The EU should aspire to create a strong research ecosystem, based on excellence, that better involves industry, the public sector, and civil society. By strengthening the ERA and increasing funding for research, European policy makers would be giving Europe the resources to embark on another 60 years of peace and prosperity…read more

Practical Guide to Improving Gender Equality in Research Organisations (February 2017)

Research organisations have a crucially important role to play in addressing gender inequality; not only for the benefit of their own ecosystem, but to contribute to progress in wider society. This new publication sets out good practice examples and guides the further development of context specific approaches including how to avoid unconscious bias in peer review processes, how to monitor gender equality, and how to improve grant management practises…read more

Survey Results and Data on Improving Gender Equality in Research Organisations (February 2017)

This document complements the ‘Practical Guide to Improving Gender Equality in Research Organisations’, authored by the Science Europe Working Group on Gender and Diversity. It provides the qualitative and quantitative background data on which parts of the Practical Guide are based. A survey was launched in the autumn of 2015 to measure the implementation of gender equality measures within the Science Europe Member Organisations. The results of the survey are briefly analysed and both the original survey and question responses are included in this report… read more

Policy Brief on Research Infrastructures in EU Framework Programming (January 2017)

This policy brief is a contribution to the evaluation and development of Research Infrastructures (RIs) under Horizon 2020. It highlights why RIs are of utmost importance for Europe’s global competitiveness and how the focus on RIs in Horizon 2020 should be enhanced…read more

Intersectoral Mobility Schemes in Science Europe Member Organisations (January 2017)

Intersectoral mobility of researchers is gaining political momentum in Europe, with more interest in bringing in the competences that characterise researchers into public, private and not-for-profit sectors. This new survey report on intersectoral mobility schemes looks at the diversity of measures that are in place within Science Europe Member Organisations to enable researchers to be more mobile across different sectors of employment…read more

Future-proofing European Research Excellence (January 2017)

This joint statement, released by LIBER Europe, CESAER, EUA, LERU, and Science Europe — who together represent hundreds of universities, libraries, and research funding and performing organisations — calls on Members of the European Parliament to modify the current EU copyright reform proposal. Amendments in five main areas of the proposal are critical if Europe wants to be at the forefront of a prosperous and growing digital society. Europe must take the lead to develop legislative frameworks that allow fair dissemination, access to, sharing and use of available knowledge…read more

Policy Brief on FET Flagships (December 2016)

This policy brief is a contribution to the evaluation and development of Future and Emerging Technologies (FET) Flagships under Horizon 2020. It highlights lessons learned about the added value and limitations of the current FET Flagships and provides recommendations for the development of the FET Flagship instrument… read more

Position Statement on Research Information Systems (November 2016)

This position statement, released by the Science Europe Working Group on Research Policy and Programme Evaluation, is a contribution to enhancing the interoperability of research information systems by providing a set of common principles to guide their development… read more

Position Statement on The Framework Programme Europe Needs (October 2016)

Horizon 2020 is a unique programme worldwide; it is widely appreciated and has an ambitious agenda. It can meet expectations as long as its nature as a programme capable of supporting excellent research is reinforced. Ahead of the launch of the interim evaluation of Horizon 2020, Science Europe wishes to share the extensive experience and collective views of its members, many of whom have decades of experience in setting up world-leading research programmes or are among the main beneficiaries of the Framework Programmes, and to provide recommendations to help prepare future Framework Programmes… read more

Open Access Publishing Policies in Science Europe Member Organisations: Key Results from Science Europe and Global Research Council Surveys (October 2016)

Discover more about the Open Access publishing policies in Science Europe Member Organisations in this new report by the Science Europe Working Group on Open Access (OA). The report highlights the efforts made by public research organisations in Europe to develop and implement OA policies and addresses the challenges faced by different actors in order to facilitate and accelerate the transition towards full OA for all scholarly publications by 2020… read more

Postdoctoral Funding Schemes in Europe (October 2016)

The postdoctoral period is a critical phase in a researcher´s career: it is when (s)he chooses whether to pursue a scientific career, and succeeds in achieving that goal, or not. The Science Europe Working Group on Research Careers has carried out a mapping of support opportunities for postdoctoral researchers, or ‘postdocs’, to improve understanding of what funders do to support researchers’ careers after the completion of their PhD, and to learn whether existing funding schemes can be improved in terms of career support… read more

Implementing the General Data Protection Regulation to Maintain a Competitive Environment for Research in Europe: Position of Research and Patient Organisations (September 2016)

Science Europe and Wellcome Trust have released a joint statement from the research community on the implementation of the Data Protection Regulation (DPR) [2016/679]. The DPR provides a strong basis for the safe use of personal data in research and Member States now have a crucial role to play in its implementation by reviewing and amending their current laws to enable research to take place… read more

The Importance of Content Mining for Science (September 2016)

The workshop ‘The Importance of Content Mining for Science’ was organised by the Science Europe Working Group on Research Data on 27 October 2015. The event highlighted how important text and data mining (TDM) is for science and how it can facilitate better research and the free flow of knowledge across borders. Participants urged policy-makers to update the legal framework in the context of the upcoming EU copyright reform in order to allow TDM for commercial and non-commercial means, and also to clarify the legal position surrounding TDM… read more

Research Integrity Practices in Science Europe Member Organisations (July 2016)

This report presents the results of a survey of Science Europe Member Organisations undertaken by the Working Group on Research Integrity. The report maps existing policies, procedures, and practices for promoting research integrity and builds upon this to make a number of key recommendations for improving research integrity including processes and policies, awareness raising, training and collaboration. Research integrity is “at the core of the research endeavour. It is the basis for researchers’ trust in each other and in the research record and, equally importantly, society’s trust in research”…read more

Career Pathways in Multidisciplinary Research: How to Assess the Contributions of Individual Members of Large Teams (June 2016)

The workshop ‘Career Pathways in Multidisciplinary Research: How to Assess the Contributions of Single Authors in Large Teams’ was organised by Science Europe Scientific Committee for the Life, Environmental and Geo Sciences in Brussels on 1 and 2 of December 2015. The aim of this workshop was to reflect upon how to best support collaborative, multi-disciplinary and interdisciplinary research teams, how to allocate appropriate credit for research input, and how better evaluate multidisciplinary research…read more

In a Resource-constrained World: Think Exergy, not Energy (June 2016)

When we think about energy, we consider it in terms of quantity. However, in a resource-constrained world, energy and in particular its efficiency, must also be appreciated from the point of view of quality, which is its ability to do work. In order to include the quality and not just the quantity of energy, we need to measure ‘exergy’. This brochure introduces the concept of exergy and provides examples of its application…read more

Funding Research Data Management and Related Infrastructures (May 2016)

This joint briefing paper with Knowledge Exchange informs the discussion on the funding of Research Data Management and related infrastructures in Europe, helps raise awareness of the current challenges, and communicates opportunities for co-ordinated action to relevant stakeholders. The paper highlights that the funding of Research Data Infrastructures, enabling RDM, comes from a great variety of sources and institutions that have different responsibilities and that operate at local, national, and international levels…read more

European Statement in Support of European Directive 2010/63 (May 2016)

In November 2015 the European Animal Research Association (EARA) published a Statement on behalf of leading biomedical research organisations, learned societies, industry representatives, universities and patient groups in Europe in support of the Directive 2010/63/EU: protecting the use of animals for scientific purposes. As of May 2016, the Statement has been signed by 240 organisations including both the Science Europe Committee for Life, Environmental and Geo Sciences Scientific Committee and the Science Europe Committee for Medical Sciences… read more

Briefing Paper on Open Access Business Models and Current Trends in the Open Access Publishing System (April 2016)

Cover image of the Briefing Paper on Open Access Business Models

This paper presents some of the recent trends and developments in the transition to Open Access, as well as various business models currently in use which aim to facilitate this transition. It also highlights expected benefits and underlines remaining challenges. With this paper, Science Europe contributes to raising the general level of knowledge of audiences of policy makers and stakeholders about current developments in Open Access scholarly publishing at a time when decisive action is needed to transition towards an Open Access publishing system… read more

The Relationship Between Food, Health and the Environment – a European Perspective (February 2016)

At the workshop on ‘The Relationship between Food, Health and the Environment,’ organised in Milan on 12 and 13 May 2015, representatives from Science Europe Member Organisations and external experts explored the multi-faceted and complex relationship between food, health and the environment. One of the aims of this workshop was to identify relevant links between them and to recommend common strategies for Europe to address the future challenges of food and food-related health research, from the perspective of the life sciences… read more

Strategic Priorities, Funding and Pan-European Co-operation for Research Infrastructures in Europe (January 2016)

The demand for Research Infrastructures is high throughout all fields of science. However, the available funds for capital investment and running costs are generally limited and do not nearly meet the demand. Effective allocation of available funds and effective operation of facilities is therefore important in order to serve the scientific community in the best possible way… read more

Opinion Paper on Radical Innovation: Humanities Research Crossing Knowledge Boundaries and Fostering Deep Change (December 2015)

This Opinion Paper shows how arts and humanities research is at the heart of innovation processes. In this paper the Science Europe Scientific Committee for the Humanities advocates the need for a wider and deeper understanding of the concept of innovation, in order to better prepare Europe to tackle global challenges. The Committee points out ways to achieve stronger European leadership through the promotion of radical innovation by highlighting the contribution of arts and humanities research… read more

Improving Science Quality through the Replacement, Reduction and Refinement of Animals in Biomedical Research and Development (December 2015)

The aim of the workshop was to explore some of the key issues relating to research involving animals in the context of the 3Rs (Replacement, Reduction and Refinement), with the overall goal of improving the quality of science in biomedical research and development, and to progress the 3Rs. Topics included barriers and misconceptions that impede implementation of the 3Rs, tools to support the better design of experiments, and examples of how new technological and scientific approaches may contribute to the 3Rs… read more

Briefing Paper on Research Integrity: What it Means, Why it Is Important and How we Might Protect it (December 2015)

This briefing paper looks at developments in efforts to address issues of research integrity. It is not intended to be an exhaustive examination of the growing literature on research integrity. Rather, the paper tries to present exemplars of the evidence and thinking that is emerging in this field. It explores the available data on the frequency of misconduct; why it is thought that researchers would commit misconduct in the first place; how national and international organisations have approached the promotion of research integrity, and the manner in which allegations of misconduct are handled… read more

Lead Agency Procedure Strategies (October 2015)

This workshop on the Lead Agency Procedure (LAP) was organised by the Science Europe Working Group on Cross-border Collaboration in Berlin on 16 December 2014. The objective of the workshop was to analyse the underlying preconditions and efficiency of LAP, based on the evidence available from the many LAP partnerships among Science Europe’s members. It contains policy recommendations to the Member Organisations so that they gain a more accurate understanding of the Lead Agency principles and are made more able to judge on its scope and limitations, whether they want to improve their practices or are contemplating putting in place such agreements… read more

Opinion Paper on A Common Scale for Our Common Future: Exergy, a Thermodynamic Metric for Energy (October 2015)

Exergy is the resource of value, the energy available for work; a measure of both the quality and quantity of available energy. Exergy analysis not only tells the truth about energy efficiency, but, in an extended perspective, potentially leads to resource accounting on a global scale: a common scale for our common future. In this Opinion Paper, the Science Europe Physical, Chemical and Mathematical Sciences Committee builds on a recent peer-reviewed publication, ‘A Thermodynamic Metric for Assessing Sustainable Use of Natural Resources’, to reach out to policy makers… read more

Ethical Protocols and Standards for Research in Social Sciences Today (published in September 2015)

The report of a stakeholders workshop organised on 11 June 2015 by the Scientific Committee for the Social Sciences, addresses the need to discuss ethics in research beyond the traditional biomedical approach, and focuses on the need for better standards across social sciences disciplines in engaging with ethical issues in research. Several recommendations are given for fundamental ethics guidelines in line with the Declaration of Helsinki, but specifically tailored to social sciences research… read more

Position Statement on the Role and Future of Joint Programming (August 2015)

This position statement highlights the added value of Joint Programming Initiatives (JPIs) as perceived by Science Europe Member Organisations, and makes two recommendations on the future of joint programming: one with regards to the evaluation of JPIs, and a second one concerning their governance. The aim of this statement is to stimulate other stakeholders – including the EU Member States and the EC – to join in this discussion… read more

Computational Modelling of Complex Spatial Structures and Processes in Natural and Life Sciences (July 2015)

This workshop aimed to discuss current approaches and areas of recent progress in computational modelling of complex spatial structures and processes in natural and life sciences (particularly in terms of methodology) across different scientific fields and across different scales, and to identify emerging trends and areas of potential co-operation and synergy… read more

Opinion Paper on the Need for ‘Diamond Engagement’ around Open Access to High Quality Research Output (July 2015)

This publication by Science Europe’s Scientific Committee for the Social Sciences addresses two audiences: scientists, especially those who have been traditionally more resistant to the OA approach, and policy makers. In it, the Scientific Committee for Social Sciences proposes a ‘Diamond Engagement’ concept with the three key principles: partnership; standardisation and interoperability; and enabling structures… read more

Seven Reasons to Care about Integrity in Research (June 2015)

This brochure has been prepared by Science Europe’s Working Group on Research Integrity. Research integrity is intrinsic to research activity and excellence. It is at the core of research itself. It is a basis for researchers to trust each other as well as the research record, and, equally importantly, it is the basis of society’s trust in research evidence and expertise… read more

Principles on Open Access to Research Publications (May 2015)

This booklet has been prepared by Science Europe’s Working Group on Open Access. Open Access, as defined in the Berlin Declaration, means unrestricted, online access to peer-reviewed, scholarly research papers for reading and productive re-use, not impeded by any financial, organisational, legal or technical barriers. Ideally, the only restriction on use is an obligation to attribute the work to the author… read more

Briefing Report on Text and Data Mining and the Need for a Science-friendly EU Copyright Reform (April 2015)

This Briefing Paper has been prepared by Science Europe’s Working Group on Research Data. Text and Data Mining (TDM) aims to analyse and extract new insights and knowledge from vast amount of digitally-available content. It represents a great potential for research itself (e.g. accelerating research processes) but also for the economy and society as a whole since it enables innovation. The Briefing Paper gives an overview of some of the legal hurdles faced by researchers using TDM practices, flags possible action lines for research organisations and calls for a more science-friendly EU Copyright law… read more

How to Transform Big Data into Better Health (March 2015)

A newly-released report by Science Europe’s Scientific Committee for Medical Sciences makes a number of recommendations on the topic of ‘How to Transform Big Data into Better Health: Envisioning a Health Big Data Ecosystem for Advancing Biomedical Research and Improving Health Outcomes in Europe’. The report – which consolidates the outcomes of a two day workshop co-hosted with the Italian National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN) on 24 and 25 November 2015 at the Ettore Majorana Foundation and Centre for Scientific Culture in Erice, Italy – identifies and acknowledges the challenges in achieving the stated objective and makes a number of key recommendations… read more

Opinion Paper on Empowering Researchers to Provide Societal Value: Towards Innovation Communities that Leverage Excellence-focused Research (February 2015)

In this paper, produced by the Scientific Committee for Engineering and Technical Sciences, the Committee highlights the benefits of collaboration between researchers and business persons, policy makers or activists towards a shared societal goal… read more

Convergence of Disciplines (published February 2015)

This workshop was convened by the Science Europe Scientific Committee for Physical, Chemical, and Mathematical Sciences to explore issues surrounding the concept of ‘convergence’ and its potential relevance to, and implications for, research funding organisations and research performing organisations in Europe… read more

Opinion Paper on the Importance of International Collaboration for Fostering Frontier Research (December 2014)

In this paper produced by the Scientific Committee for the Life, Environmental and Geo Sciences, the Committee argues that in order to strengthen international collaborative research, the national research funding organisations should consider increasing their efforts to widen the participation of various European countries and global partners in multilateral schemes, whilst fostering interdisciplinarity and knowledge integration. Moreover, a bottom-up approach should be adopted in order to collect research proposals that contain novel ideas and solutions, captured directly from the research community and users, thus enabling open innovation… read more

Position Statement on Priority One of the 2012 ERA Communication: ‘More Effective National Research Systems’ (November 2014)

The 2012 Communication ‘A Reinforced European Research Area Partnership for Excellence and Growth’ laid out the current approach for realising a European Research Area (ERA). As this approach is now being reviewed by the European institutions, Science Europe puts forward its analysis of Priority One of the Communication, in order to start a fruitful dialogue with the European institutions on the future of ERA policy. This analysis provides a practical example as to why the current ERA Communication approach needs to be thoroughly reviewed if ERA policy is to have a real impact… read more

Opinion Paper on the Human Factor in the 2014–2015 Work Programme of the Horizon 2020 Societal Challenges (September 2014)

Since its inauguration in early 2013, the Science Europe Scientific Committee for the Humanities has strongly supported Horizon 2020’s third pillar, Societal Challenges. The Committee realises the importance of the issues addressed, and the urgent need to find solutions to these pressing questions. The Committee is therefore committed to making the Challenges-approach successful… read more

EU Data Protection Regulation: Vital economic and social research could be prevented – Open Letter (August 2014)

Europe needs a consistent Data Protection framework that protects individual privacy and the European Commission’s proposed Regulation provided this. However, the suggested amendments adopted earlier this year by the European Parliament would undermine important research using personal data. If the amendments are passed, there would be dire consequences for European research and the value it can bring to government, the economy and society at large… read more

Opinion Paper on Career Paths in Multidisciplinary Research (June 2014)

In this paper, produced by the Scientific Committee for the Life, Environmental and Geo Sciences, the Committee highlights the lack of clear evaluation metrics for scientists working in multidisciplinary teams. The Committee devises also concrete recommendations to contribute to the elaboration of an appropriate evaluation framework and suggests four main categories of indicators that demonstrate success in multidisciplinary and collaborative research: data generation, analysis and knowledge management; the development of enabling tools for data handling; the added value of collaborative research, and acknowledging contributions in bibliometic analysis… read more

Integrated Research Tools and Strategies for Sustainable Management of Health, Food, Security, Natural Resources, Ecosystems, Biodiversity and Climate Change (May 2014)

This brochure produced by the Scientific Committee for Life, Environmental and Geo Sciences highlights key research priorities and innovation strategies in science and technology, aiming at improving the world’s resilience to future impacts of global environmental change. It outlines the Committee’s opinions on different areas such as health, food, security and biodiversity and underlines the importance of conserving the planet’s natural resources while adapting to various effects of climate change… read more

Practical Guide to Three Approaches to Cross-border Collaboration (January 2014)

This Practical Guide has been developed for the use of Science Europe Member Organisations and other research organisations inside or outside of Europe. The aim is to provide better and more efficient means for organisations to apply a set of optional models for cross-border collaboration, and to help them achieve more successful and easier implementation of these different models, where they are in tune with their interests and strategies… read more

Science Europe Roadmap (December 2013)

This Roadmap, approved by the Science Europe General Assembly on 21 November 2013, constitutes Science Europe’s action plan to contribute to the elements of a successful research system, as set out above. It acts as a framework for voluntary collective activity, providing a long-term strategy, which will be reviewed regularly and updated as the research landscape, and Science Europe itself, evolves. The Priority Action Areas identified in the Roadmap are those in which Science Europe members believe that there is a potential to achieve tangible and substantive progress, and to add real value by working together… read more

Opinion Paper on Open Access Opportunities for the Humanities (November 2013)

This Opinion Paper produced by the Science Europe Scientific Committee for the Humanities embraces Open Access as the way forward for Humanities disciplines. It has been published on the occasion of the tenth anniversary of the Berlin Declaration and the accompanying celebratory event, organised by the Max Planck Society on 19–20 November 2013. It encourages the Humanities research community to engage with the new possibilities that Open Access can offer, and at the same time calls on research funding and performing organisations to work together to tackle the specificities and remaining potential obstacles… read more

Opinion Paper on Humanities and Social Sciences in Horizon 2020 Societal Challenges: Implementation and Monitoring (November 2013)

This Opinion Paper has been produced by Science Europe Scientific Committees for the Humanities and the Social Sciences to outline the main prerequisites for the successful integration of Social Sciences and Humanities throughout Horizon 2020’s Societal Challenges and across the entire research ‘ecology’. Overall, these elements should ensure a coherent interplay between the high-level objectives of Horizon 2020, the programme design, its implementation and evaluation… read more

Comparative Benchmarking of European and US Research Collaboration and Researcher Mobility – A report prepared in collaboration between Science Europe and Elsevier’s SciVal Analytics (September 2013)

This report focuses on the extent to which research collaboration and researcher mobility patterns differ between Europe and the US, based on analysis of the Scopus publication database. This comparison is made by exploring both the extent to which academics collaborate on research papers and the amount of researcher mobility within Europe or within the US and beyond, based on author affiliations. In particular, we are interested in whether there is as much collaboration between countries in Europe as there is between states in the US… read more

Humanities in the Societal Challenges – 12 Compelling Cases for Policymakers (September 2013)

This is the first brochure produced by the Science Europe Scientific Committee for the Humanities, with the objective to increase awareness of how the humanities are actually contributing to the Societal Challenges. The humanities have important resources to offer and it is essential that in the formulation of the Horizon 2020 programme texts there is scope to include these valuable lines of research. The projects highlighted in the brochure not only have made a concrete, societal impact but also break through the usual stereotypes of the humanities and therefore widened the view on our field… read more

Position Statement on the Proposed European General Data Protection Regulation (May 2013)

The European Institutions are currently entering the crucial stage of the legislative process that will revise the EU Data Protection Directive and lead to the European General Data Protection Regulation (DPR). Scientific research produces high impact results, depending heavily on access to and use of datasets that include personal data. In order to continue to perform scientific research for the benefit of Europe and its citizens, researchers need an appropriate DPR that reconciles the safe processing of personal data for scientific research and the protection of individual rights to privacy… read more

Opinion Paper on the Benefits of Personal Data Processing for Medical Sciences in the Context of Protection of Patient Privacy and Safety (May 2013)

A commentary and recommendations on the General Data Protection Regulation from the Scientific Committee for Medical Sciences of Science Europe. It expresses the concerns of the medical and health research communities about the lack of a specific consideration when regulating the privacy of individuals and protecting personal data in the context of medical and health research… read more

Position Statement on Principles for the Transition to Open Access to Research Publications (April 2013)

Open Access, as defined in the Berlin Declaration, means unrestricted, online access to peer-reviewed, scholarly research papers for reading and productive re-use, not impeded by any financial, organisational, legal or technical barriers. Ideally, the only restriction on use is an obligation to attribute the work to the author… read more

Position Statement on Horizon 2020: Embedding Social Sciences and Humanities in Horizon 2020 Societal Challenges (January 2013)

European social sciences and humanities research is world leading in many areas. SSH research perspectives are key to tackling grand societal challenges in the future and its role throughout H2020 needs to be substantial. Simply stating such an ambition will not, however, result in its achievement. Here we provide some practical recommendations for how SSH can be embedded into the societal challenges in a meaningful and constructive way. We look forward to discussing these ideas further with the Commission and other relevant bodies, including Member States… read more

Position Statement on Horizon 2020: Excellence Counts (December 2012)

Producing excellent science and research has historically been Europe’s key asset for sustainable growth and maintenance of a leading position in a highly competitive global economy. Horizon 2020, the European Framework for Research and Innovation from 2014 to 2020, complements national and cross-border efforts and should strengthen the impact of investments into science, research and innovation… read more

Position Statement on the Budget for Horizon 2020 (November 2012)

As European leaders meet to decide on the budget of the EU for the next seven years, the 50 major Research Performing and Research Funding Organisations that constitute Science Europe would like to stress the importance of adequate funding for research and innovation at the European level. The Europe 2020 strategy is the primary EU-level plan to strengthen growth and competitiveness, by producing clear European added value through investment in education, research and innovation… read more

Statement on the European Research Area (July 2012)

Science Europe is fully committed to the realisation of the European Research Area (ERA). Indeed, a key part of its mission is to strengthen the ERA through direct engagement with key partners as well as by facilitating co-operation and co-ordination amongst Members. We aim to work with other European organisations to create a coherent and inclusive ERA, where all stakeholders can and do play an appropriate role… read more

Joint Statement on Working in Partnership in Achieving the European Research Area (July 2012)

This statement has been made on the occasion of the presentation of the ERA Communication ‘A Reinforced European Research Area Partnership for Excellence and Growth’. The  partners consider that the direct involvement of research stakeholder organisations will strengthen the European Research Area and will contribute to building a unified research area… read more

Contribution to the ERA Framework Consultation (November 2011)

Europe’s greatest competitive advantage in pursuing research will stem from the capacity of the EU’s Member States and Associated Countries to collaborate effectively when it is in their collective interest to do so, but also to pursue their own national strategies and policies where appropriate.  The diversity of national research organisations…read more

Previous Documents

EUROHORCs Vision for ERA (August 2011)

Science progresses through a creative tension between competition and co-operation. In developing the European Research Area, EUROHORCs believes the same principle applies to research policy, funding and support. That is, Europe’s greatest competitive advantage in pursuing research will stem from the capacity of the EU’s Member States… read more

EUROHORCs and ESF Vision on a Globally Competitive ERA and their Road Map for Actions (July 2009)

The Heads of European Research Councils (EUROHORCs) and the European Science Foundation (ESF) wish to play an active and concrete role in shaping a European Research Area of Excellence. Following the publication of the EUROHORCs and ESF’s comments on the European Commission’s Green Paper ‘The European Research Area: New Perspectives’… read more